Melatonin ELISA

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Details for:  Melatonin ELISA

Enzyme immunoassay for the quantitative determination of melatonin in human serum and plasma.For research use only. Not for use in clinical diagnostic procedures.

The assay procedure follows the basic principle of competitive ELISA whereby there is competition between a biotinylated and a non-biotinylated antigen for a fixed number of antibody binding sites. The amount of biotinylated antigen bound to the antibody is inversely proportional to the analyte concentration of the sample. When the system is in equilibrium, the free biotinylated antigen is removed by a washing step and the antibody bound biotinylated antigen is determined by use of streptavidine alkaline phosphatase as
marker and p-nitrophenyl phosphate as substrate. Quantification of unknowns is achieved by comparing the enzymatic activity of unknowns with a response curve prepared by using known standards.

The pineal gland (corpus pineale) has been called a neuroendocrine transducer because of its important role in photoperiodism. The major hormone of the pineal gland is N-acetyl-5-methoxy-tryptamine or melatonin which is synthezised from the amino acid tryptophane. Melatonin has its highest levels in plasma during nighttime. Its characteristic nocturnal surge appears to encode temporal information such as length of night. Regulation of the melatonin secretion is under neural control. Sympathetic innervation seems to play a major role via its release of noradrenaline. Most of the circulating melatonin is metabolized in the liver to 6-hydroxymelatonin and subsequently to 6-sulfatoxymelatonin which is excreted into the urine. The concentration of 6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate in urine correlates well with the total level of melatonin in the blood during the collection period.

For concrete data please consult the Instruction for Use in the download box on the right side.

Catalog No. RE54021

Melatonin ELISA
List Price $394
Kit size 12 x 8
Method ELISA
Incubation time 1 x 18 h, 1 x 2 h, 1 x 40 min
Standard range 3.0 - 300 pg/mL
Specimen / Volumes 500 µL serum/extraction
Substrate / isotope PNPP 405 nm
Regulatory Status: For research use only


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